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Doctors on Horseback: Pioneers of American Medicine
Doctors on Horseback Pioneers of American Medicine Author:James Thomas Flexner Much of pre-Civil War medical practice was blind stumbling through darkness, yet the challenge of disease was always there, more insistent to the doctor on horseback than the challenge of the wilderness. In the settlements of a new nation there appeared doctors of genius, explorers who, without laboratories or instruments of precision or often a... more »ny formal training, made discoveries that helped usher in the age of modern medical science.
This book, first published in 1937, tells the stories of several early American physicians: John Morgan, the most brilliant physician in the colonies, founder of the first medical school, head of the Continental Army's medical department; William Shippen, Jr., his enemy and rival (and the battle that raged between them); Benjamin Rush, a powerful and controversial man; Ephraim McDowell, the leading surgeon of the Kentucky frontier (including the agonizing story of the first hysterectomy); Daniel Drake, medical educator on the Ohio; John Lambert Richmond, the pioneer of Caesarian operations and the first to isolate pure human gastric juice (and Alexis St. Martin, his living experiment, and the unusual doctor patient relationship between them); Crawford W. Long and William T. G. Morton, co-discoverers of the anesthetic properties of ether.« less