Ivanhoe Author:Sir Walter Scott This is the fifth in Scotts' Waverley novels, the others being; — Waverley (1814), — Guy Mannering (1815), — The Antiquary (1816), — Rob Roy (1818), — Kenilworth (1821), — The Pirate (1822), — The Fortunes of Nigel (1822), — Peveril of the Peak (1822), — Quentin Durward (1823), — St. Ronan's Well (1824), — Redgauntlet (1824), — Tales of the Crusader... more »s: The Betrothed and The Talisman (1825),
Chronicles of the Canongate: The Fair Maid of Perth (1828), and
Anne of Geierstein (1829).
Ivanhoe is the story of knights, yeomen, and the like. Though its genre is favorably historical fiction, it tells the tales of romance, power, and glory. A chief part of the book is the characters; they stay with the book in all circumstances, and are honorable persons. The setting is in Old England, but Scott tells it as though it is (in his time) modern-day (despite the Old English drawl).
Ivanhoe is the story of one of the remaining Saxon noble families at a time when the English nobility was overwhelmingly Norman. It follows the Saxon protagonist, Wilfred of Ivanhoe, who is out of favour with his father for his allegiance to the Norman king Richard I of England. The story is set in 1194, after the end of the Third Crusade, when many of the Crusaders were still returning to Europe. King Richard, who had been captured by the Duke of Saxony, on his way back, was still supposed to be in the arms of his captors. The legendary Robin Hood, initially under the name of Locksley, is also a character in the story, as are his "merry men", including Friar Tuck and less so, Alan-a-Dale. (Little John is merely mentioned.) The character that Scott gave to Robin Hood in Ivanhoe helped shape the modern notion of this figure as a cheery noble outlaw.
Other major characters include Ivanhoe's intractable Saxon father, Cedric, a descendant of the Saxon King Harold Godwinson; various Knights Templar and churchmen; the loyal serfs Gurth the swineherd and the jester Wamba, whose observations punctuate much of the action; and the Jewish moneylender, Isaac of York, equally passionate of money and his daughter, Rebecca. The book was written and published during a period of increasing struggle for emancipation of the Jews in England, and there are frequent references to injustice against them.« less