Navy Wave Memories of World War II Author:Lieutenant Helen Clifford Gunter Lt. Helen Clifford Gunter was on of the first WAVES, enlisting soon after the branch was established in 1942. A classical archaeologist (she received her B.A. from the Universisty of Chicago and her Ph.D. from New York University), Dr. Clifford was denied permission to join an archaelological expedition because of her sex and joined the Navy ins... more »tead. Her letters and reflections provide a unique and passionate look at servicewomen in wartime.
"...With the outbreak of World War II, the United States Navy again faced acute personnel needs to man its tremendously expanding fleet. The decision was made to resolve the manpower shortage with womanpower, and in April 1942 the House Naval Affairs Committee recommended that a Women's Resere be organized as part of the Naval Reserve. On July 30, a bill establishing the Women's Reserve was signed by Franklin D. Roosevelt."« less