Selected Letters of Gertrude Bell Author:Gertrude Bell Correspondence of the famous woman traveller and diplomat who played so large a part in the foundation of the Arab Kingdom of Iraq after World War I. — Gertrude Margaret Lowthian Bell, to give her all her names, although she rarely used the second, was born on the 14th of July, 1868, at Washington Hall, Co. Durham, the residance of her grandfathe... more »r, Isaac Lowthian Bell, F.R.S., afterwards Sir Lowthian Bell, Bart: she died in Bagdad in 1926. Sir Lowthian, ironmaster and colliery owner in the county of Durham, was a distinguished man of science. His wife was Margaret Pattinson, of Alston in Cumberland, daughter of Hugh Lee Pattinson, F.R.S. Gertrude's father, Sir Hugh Bell, was Sir Lowthian's elder son; her mother was Mary Shield, daughter of John Shield, of Newcastle-on-Tyne. Gertrude therefore had the possibility of inheriting from both Northumbrian and Cumbrian forbears some of the energy and intelligence of the north.
Gertrude was three years old when she lost her mother, who died when Gertrude's brother Maurice was born.