Search - List of Books by Thomas Robert Malthus

The Reverend Thomas Robert Malthus FRS (13 February 1766 — 23 December 1834) was a British scholar, influential in political economy and demography. Malthus popularised the economic theory of rent.

Malthus has become widely known for his theories concerning population and its increase or decrease in response to various factors. The six editions of his An Essay on the Principle of Population, published from 1798 to 1826, observed that sooner or later population gets checked by famine, disease, and widespread mortality. He wrote in opposition to the popular view in 18th-century Europe that saw society as improving, and in principle as perfectible. William Godwin and the Marquis de Condorcet, for example, believed in the possibility of almost limitless improvement of society. So, in a more complex way, did Jean-Jacques Rousseau, whose notions centered on the goodness of man and the liberty of citizens bound only by the social contract, a form of popular sovereignty.

Malthus thought that the dangers of population growth would preclude endless progress towards a utopian society: "The power of population is indefinitely greater than the power in the earth to produce subsistence for man". As an Anglican clergyman, Malthus saw this situation as divinely imposed to teach virtuous behaviour. Believing that one could not change human nature, Malthus wrote:
"Must it not then be acknowledged by an attentive examiner of the histories of mankind, that in every age and in every State in which man has existed, or does now exist

That the increase of population is necessarily limited by the means of subsistence,

That population does invariably increase when the means of subsistence increase, and,

That the superior power of population is repressed, and the actual population kept equal to the means of subsistence, by misery and vice."


Malthus placed the longer-term stability of the economy above short-term expediency. He criticised the Poor Laws, and (alone among important contemporary economists) supported the Corn Laws, which introduced a system of taxes on British imports of wheat. He thought these measures would encourage domestic production, and so promote long-term benefits.

Malthus became hugely influential, and controversial, in economic, political, social and scientific thought. Many of those whom subsequent centuries term evolutionary biologists read him, notably Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace, for each of whom Malthusianism became an intellectual stepping-stone to the idea of natural selection. Malthus remains a writer of great significance and controversy.

Biography   more �

an Essay on the Principle of Population   more �

Other Works   more �

Reactions to His Ideas   more �

Influence   more �

References in Popular Culture   more �

Epitaph   more �

Further Reading   more �

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Total Books: 70
An Essay on the Principle of Population
2017 - An Essay on the Principle of Population [Norton Critical Editions] (Paperback)
ISBN-13: 9781324000556
ISBN-10: 1324000554
Genres: Arts & Photography, Business & Money, Literature & Fiction, Science & Math, Politics & Social Sciences
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The Measure of Value Stated and Illustrated With an Application of It to the Alterations in the Value of the English Currency Since 1790
An Essay on the Principle of Population  Or a View of Its Past and Present Effects on Human Happiness With an Inquiry Into Our
The Measure Of Value Stated And Illustrated With An Application Of It To The Alterations In The Value Of The English Currency Since 1796
Essai Sur Le Principe De Population Ou Expos Des Effets Passs Et Prsens De L'action De Cette Cause Sur Le Bonheur Du Genre Humain Suivi De Quelques  Les Maux Qu'elle Entrane
Eine Abhandlung ber Das Bevlkerungsgesetz Oder Eine Untersuchung Seiner Bedeutung Fr Die Menschliche Wohlfahrt in Vergangenheit Und Zukunft
Principes D'conomie Politique Considrs Sous Le Rapport De Leur Application Pratique Volume 1
2010 - Principes D'conomie Politique Considrs Sous Le Rapport De Leur Application Pratique Volume 1 [French Edition] (Paperback)
ISBN-13: 9781142567651
ISBN-10: 1142567656
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Versuch ber Die Bedingung Und Die Folgen Der Volksvermehrung Volume 2
2010 - Versuch Ber Die Bedingung Und Die Folgen Der Volksvermehrung Volume 2 [German Edition] (Paperback)
ISBN-13: 9781142745851
ISBN-10: 1142745856
Genre: Nonfiction
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Two Lectures On Population Delivered Before the University of Oxford in Easter Term 1828
Principles of Political Economy Considered with a View to Their Practical Application
An Essay On the Principle of Population Or a View of Its Past and Present Effects On Human Happiness with an Inquiry Into Our Prospects Respecting the  It Occasions Volume 1
Thomas Robert Malthus On the Nature and Progress of Rent 1815
2010 - Thomas Robert Malthus on the Nature and Progress of Rent 1815 (Paperback)
ISBN-13: 9781141529452
ISBN-10: 1141529459
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Definitions in Political Economy
2010 - Definitions in Political Economy (Paperback)Paperback, Hardcover
ISBN-13: 9781141060887
ISBN-10: 1141060884
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Additions to the Fourth and Former Editions of an Essay on the Principle of Population
An Essay on the Principle of Population Or a View of Its Past and Present Effects on Human Happiness
Parallel Chapters From the First and Second Editions of an Essay on the Principle of Population
Additions to the fourth and former editions of An essay on the principle of population c c
An essay on the principle of population  or a view of its past and present effects on human happin
2009 - Essai Sur Le Principe De Population V2 [1830 - French Edition] (Paperback)Hardcover
2009 - Essai Sur Le Principe De Population V1 [1830 - French Edition] (Paperback)
2009 - Essai Sur Le Principe De Population V3 [1830 - French Edition] (Paperback)
1976 - Essay on the Principle of Population [Norton Critical Edition] (Paperback)Paperback, Hardcover