Linnus Pecaut, Ph.D discusses in depth the emotional and environmental problems which cause above average children to perform far below their capabilities. Some children try so hard to do well that they fail. Others learn that succeding only brings additional pressure for even better performances, and so find it easier to fail. Many realize tht they receive more attention when they fail than when they succeed and are naturally reluctant to give up this attention. Dr Pecaut discusses these and other types of underachievers and gives parents and educators practical advice on how to motivate their youngsters.