Search - List of Books by Diamond

In mineralogy, diamond (from the ancient Greek ?????? — admas "unbreakable") is an allotrope of carbon, where the carbon atoms are arranged in a variation of the face-centered cubic crystal structure called a diamond lattice. Diamond is less stable than graphite, but the conversion rate from diamond to graphite is negligible at ambient conditions. Diamond is renowned as a material with superlative physical qualities, most of which originate from the strong covalent bonding between its atoms. In particular, diamond has the highest hardness and thermal conductivity of any bulk material. Those properties determine the major industrial application of diamond in cutting and polishing tools.

Diamond has remarkable optical characteristics. Because of its extremely rigid lattice, it can be contaminated by very few types of impurities, such as boron and nitrogen. Combined with wide transparency, this results in the clear, colorless appearance of most natural diamonds. Small amounts of defects or impurities (about one per million of lattice atoms) color diamond blue (boron), yellow (nitrogen), brown (lattice defects), green, purple, pink, orange or red. Diamond also has relatively high optical dispersion, that is ability to disperse light of different colors, which results in its characteristic luster. Excellent optical and mechanical properties, combined with efficient marketing, make diamond the most popular gemstone.

Most natural diamonds are formed at high-pressure high-temperature conditions existing at depths of in the Earth mantle. Carbon-containing minerals provide the carbon source, and the growth occurs over periods from 1 billion to 3.3 billion years (25% to 75% of the age of the Earth). Diamonds are brought close to the Earth surface through deep volcanic eruptions by a magma, which cools into igneous rocks known as kimberlites and lamproites. Diamonds can also be produced synthetically in a high-pressure high-temperature process which approximately simulates the conditions in the Earth mantle. An alternative, and completely different growth technique is chemical vapor deposition (CVD). Several non-diamond materials, which include cubic zirconia and silicon carbide and are often called diamond simulants, resemble diamond in appearance and many properties. Special gemological techniques have been specially developed to distinguish natural and synthetic diamonds and diamond simulants.

History   more �

Material Properties   more �

Natural History   more �

Production   more �

Commercial Markets   more �

Synthetics, Simulants, and Enhancements   more �

Books   more �

This author page uses material from the Wikipedia article "Diamond", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0
Total Books: 70
Roma Omnia Vincit
2011 - Roma Omnia VIncit [Drago] (Hardcover)
ISBN-13: 9788888493640
ISBN-10: 8888493646
Genres: Arts & Photography, Humor & Entertainment, Politics & Social Sciences

Everyday Songbook 29 bright and happy songs and activities for children
2008 - Everyday Songbook 29 Bright and Happy Songs and Activities for Children [Book & 2 CDs - Faber Edition] (Other)
ISBN-13: 9780571528875
ISBN-10: 0571528872
Genre: Arts & Photography

Rethinking Positive Adolescent Female Sexual Development New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
A Stripper's Tail  Confessions of a Las Vegas Stripper
2005 - A Stripper's Tail Confessions of a Las Vegas Stripper (Paperback)Hardcover
ISBN-13: 9780595331765
ISBN-10: 0595331769
Genre: Biographies & Memoirs
  • Currently 2.3/5 Stars.

Rome Travel Guide
1998 - Rome Travel Guide (Paperback)
ISBN-13: 9780261665965
ISBN-10: 0261665960
Genre: Travel

McQ Tutor for Prin  Prac Surgery
1995 - Mcq Tutor for Prin Prac Surgery (Paperback)
ISBN-13: 9780443051920
ISBN-10: 0443051925
Genre: Medicine

Couples  Infertility Moving Beyond Loss PAL
1994 - Couples Infertility Moving Beyond Loss Pal [Ackerman Institute for the Family Series] (Hardcover)
ISBN-13: 9781572302860
ISBN-10: 1572302860

Sagittarius 1995 Super Horoscope Novermber 23-December 20
1994 - Sagittarius 1995 Super Horoscope Novermber 23-december 20 [Super Horoscope, No 9] (Paperback)Paperback
ISBN-13: 9780786500345
ISBN-10: 0786500344
Genre: Religion & Spirituality

Red Arrow
1990 - Red Arrow (Hardcover)
ISBN-13: 9780525249306
ISBN-10: 0525249303
Genre: Literature & Fiction

Save the Birds
1990 - Save the Birds (Hardcover)Hardcover
ISBN-13: 9780521343671
ISBN-10: 0521343674
Genre: Science & Math

Women's Occupational Plans and Decisions Special Issue of Applied Psychology An International Review
The Spot - the Rise of Political Advertising on Television 2ed
1988 - The Spot - the Rise of Political Advertising on Television 2ed (Hardcover)Paperback, Hardcover
ISBN-13: 9780262540490
ISBN-10: 0262540495
Genre: Business & Money

Panama Red
1979 - Panama Red (Paperback)
ISBN-13: 9780380452378
ISBN-10: 0380452375

Diamond Italian Dictionary
Diamond Italian Dictionary (Hardcover)
ISBN-13: 9780261663930
ISBN-10: 0261663933

Sg-Fin  Mgmt Accounting
Sg-fin Mgmt Accounting (Paperback)
ISBN-13: 9780538833189
ISBN-10: 0538833181
Genre: Engineering & Transportation

Aries 1995 Super Horoscope March 21-April 20
Aries 1995 Super Horoscope March 21-april 20 [Super Horoscope, No 1] (Paperback)
ISBN-13: 9780786500260
ISBN-10: 0786500263

Taurus 1995 Super Horoscope April 21-May 20
Taurus 1995 Super Horoscope April 21-may 20 [Super Horoscope, No 2] (Paperback)
ISBN-13: 9780786500277
ISBN-10: 0786500271

Cancer 1995 Super Horoscope June 21-July 20
Cancer 1995 Super Horoscope June 21-july 20 [Super Horoscope, No 4] (Paperback)Paperback
ISBN-13: 9780786500291
ISBN-10: 0786500298

Leo 1995 Super Horoscope July 21-August 21
Leo 1995 Super Horoscope July 21-august 21 [Super Horoscope, No 5] (Paperback)
ISBN-13: 9780786500307
ISBN-10: 0786500301

Virgo 1995 Super Horoscope August 22-September 22
Virgo 1995 Super Horoscope August 22-september 22 [Super Horoscope, No 6] (Paperback)
ISBN-13: 9780786500314
ISBN-10: 078650031X

Scorpio 1995 Super Horoscope October 23-November 22
Scorpio 1995 Super Horoscope October 23-november 22 [Super Horoscope, No 8] (Paperback)
ISBN-13: 9780786500338
ISBN-10: 0786500336