Search - List of Books by Jerome Bruner

"Learners are encouraged to discover facts and relationships for themselves." -- Jerome Bruner
Jerome Seymour Bruner (born October 1, 1915) is an American psychologist who has contributed to cognitive psychology and cognitive learning theory in educational psychology, as well as to history and to the general philosophy of education. Bruner is currently a senior research fellow at the New York University School of Law. He received his B.A. in 1937 from Duke University and his Ph.D. from Harvard University in 1941 under the guidance of Gordon Allport.

Bruner's ideas are based on categorization: "To perceive is to categorize, to conceptualize is to categorize, to learn is to form categories, to make decisions is to categorize." Bruner maintains people interpret the world in terms of its similarities and differences. He has also suggested that there are two primary modes of thought: the narrative mode and the paradigmatic mode. In narrative thinking, the mind engages in sequential, action-oriented, detail-driven thought. In paradigmatic thinking, the mind transcends particularities to achieve systematic, categorical cognition. In the former case, thinking takes the form of stories and "gripping drama." In the latter, thinking is structured as propositions linked by logical operators.

In his research on the development of children (1966), Bruner proposed three modes of representation: enactive representation (action-based), iconic representation (image-based), and symbolic representation (language-based). Rather than neatly delineated stages, the modes of representation are integrated and only loosely sequential as they "translate" into each other. Symbolic representation remains the ultimate mode, for it "is clearly the most mysterious of the three." Bruner's theory suggests it is efficacious when faced with new material to follow a progression from enactive to iconic to symbolic representation; this holds true even for adult learners. A true instructional designer, Bruner's work also suggests that a learner (even of a very young age) is capable of learning any material so long as the instruction is organized appropriately, in sharp contrast to the beliefs of Piaget and other stage theorists. (Driscoll, Marcy). Like Bloom's Taxonomy, Bruner suggests a system of coding in which people form a hierarchical arrangement of related categories. Each successively higher level of categories becomes more specific, echoing Benjamin Bloom's understanding of knowledge acquisition as well as the related idea of instructional scaffolding. In accordance with this understanding of learning, Bruner proposed the spiral curriculum, a teaching approach in which each subject or skill area is revisited at intervals, at a more sophisticated level each time.In 1987 he was awarded the Balzan Prize for Human Psychology "for his research embracing all of the most important problems of human psychology, in each of which he has made substantial and original contributions of theoretical as well as practical value for the development of the psychological faculties of man" (motivation of the Balzan General Prize Committee).

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the Narrative Construction of Reality   more �

Man: A Course of Study   more �

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This author page uses material from the Wikipedia article "Jerome Bruner", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0
Total Books: 30
Law Culture and Ritual Disputing Systems in Cross-Cultural Context
The Mind of a Mnemonist  A Little Book about a Vast Memory
2006 - The Mind of a Mnemonist a Little Book About a Vast Memory (Paperback)Paperback, Hardcover
ISBN-13: 9780674576223
ISBN-10: 0674576225
Genres: Health, Fitness & Dieting, Science & Math
  • Currently 3.5/5 Stars.
 3

POURQUOI NOUS RACONTONS-NOUSHIST
2005 - Pourquoi Nous Racontons-noushist (Paperback)Paperback
ISBN-13: 9782266152952
ISBN-10: 2266152955
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Toward a Theory of Instruction
2004 - Toward a Theory of Instruction [Belknap Press] (Paperback)Hardcover
ISBN-13: 9780674897014
ISBN-10: 0674897013
Genres: Nonfiction, Engineering & Transportation
  • Currently 5/5 Stars.
 1

Making Stories Law Literature Life
2003 - Making Stories Law Literature Life (Paperback)Hardcover
ISBN-13: 9780674010994
ISBN-10: 067401099X
Genres: Literature & Fiction, Reference
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Minding the Law
2002 - Minding the Law (Paperback)Hardcover
ISBN-13: 9780674008168
ISBN-10: 0674008162
Genres: Nonfiction, Law, Engineering & Transportation
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Jerome Bruner Language Culture and Self
2001 - Jerome Bruner Language Culture and Self (Hardcover)
ISBN-13: 9780761955313
ISBN-10: 0761955313
Genres: Biographies & Memoirs, Science & Math
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Constructing Panic  The Discourse of Agoraphobia
1997 - Constructing Panic the Discourse of Agoraphobia (Paperback)Hardcover
ISBN-13: 9780674165496
ISBN-10: 0674165497
Genre: Health, Fitness & Dieting
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The Culture of Education
1997 - The Culture of Education (Paperback)Hardcover
ISBN-13: 9780674179530
ISBN-10: 0674179536
Genres: Nonfiction, Engineering & Transportation
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Acts of Meaning  Four Lectures on Mind and Culture
1992 - Acts of Meaning Four Lectures on Mind and Culture [Jerusalem-Harvard Lectures] (Paperback)
ISBN-13: 9780674003613
ISBN-10: 0674003616
Genres: Health, Fitness & Dieting, Nonfiction, Medicine, Medical Books
  • Currently 3.5/5 Stars.
 1

Acts of Meaning
1990 - Acts of Meaning [Jerusalem-Harvard Lectures] (Hardcover)
ISBN-13: 9780674003606
ISBN-10: 0674003608
Genres: Health, Fitness & Dieting, Nonfiction, Science & Math
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Actual Minds Possible Worlds
1987 - Actual Minds Possible Worlds [The Jerusalem-Harvard Lectures] (Paperback)Hardcover
ISBN-13: 9780674003668
ISBN-10: 0674003667
Genres: Health, Fitness & Dieting, Nonfiction, Science & Math, Engineering & Transportation
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A Study of Thinking
1986 - A Study of Thinking [Social Science Classics Series] (Paperback)
ISBN-13: 9780887386565
ISBN-10: 0887386563
Genres: Health, Fitness & Dieting, Nonfiction, Science & Math, Engineering & Transportation
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1984 - In Search of Mind Essays in Autobiography [Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Series] (Paperback)
Child's Talk - Learning to Use Language
1983 - Child's Talk - Learning to Use Language (Hardcover)
ISBN-13: 9780393017533
ISBN-10: 0393017532
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Child's Talk Learning to Use Language
On Knowing  Essays for the Left Hand
1979 - On Knowing Essays for the Left Hand (Paperback)Hardcover
ISBN-13: 9780674635258
ISBN-10: 0674635256
Genres: Health, Fitness & Dieting, Nonfiction
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Desarrollo Cognitivo y Educacion
Desarrollo Cognitivo Y Educacion [Spanish Edition] (Paperback)
ISBN-13: 9788471123190
ISBN-10: 8471123193
Genres: Nonfiction, Science & Math
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Realidad Mental y Mundos Posibles
Realidad Mental Y Mundos Posibles [Spanish Edition] (Paperback)Paperback
ISBN-13: 9788474323139
ISBN-10: 8474323134
Genres: Health, Fitness & Dieting, Nonfiction
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La Importancia De La Educacion
La Importancia De La Educacion [Spanish Edition] (Paperback)
ISBN-13: 9788475094175
ISBN-10: 8475094171
Genre: Nonfiction
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La Fabrica de Historias
La Fabrica De Historias (Paperback)
ISBN-13: 9789505575602
ISBN-10: 9505575602
Genre: Nonfiction
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