Caroline Pafford Miller (August 26, 1903, Waycross, Georgia — July 12, 1992, Waynesville, North Carolina) was an American writer.
In 1934, Miller was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for her first novel, Lamb in His Bosom, about her home state of Georgia. In addition to the Pulitzer, the novel earned France's Prix Femina in 1934 and became an immediate best-seller.
Miller grew up in Waycross, and moved to Baxley, Georgia in the late 1920s. She never attended college. After graduating high school, she married William D. Miller, who was her English professor, and who ultimately became superintendent of schools in the Baxley area. The couple had three sons, two of whom were twins.
Miller gathered much of the material for Lamb in his Bosom while she was buying chickens and eggs ten miles in the backwoods. She said of her novel, "Almost every incident in Lamb in His Bosom actually occurred. Some of them I heard from my uncles and aunts, some from my mother. I got most of the local color from hereabouts, but the facts from family history and history of other families. I could hardly tell where fact left off and fancy ."