Mark Philip David Billingham (born 2 July 1961) is an English novelist whose series of "Tom Thorne" crime novels are bestsellers in that particular genre. He is also a television screenwriter and has become a familiar face as an actor and stand-up comic.
Mark Billingham was born in Birmingham and grew up in the city's suburb of Moseley. He attended the King Edward VI Camp Hill School for Boys grammar school in nearby King's Heath, and lived in that general area "right the way through university". After graduating with a degree in drama, he stayed in Birmingham and helped form a socialist theatre company (Bread & Circuses). Bread & Circuses toured with a number of shows in schools, colleges, arts centres and the street. In the mid-1980s he moved from Birmingham to London as a "jobbing actor", taking minor roles in episodes of TV shows Dempsey & Makepeace, Juliet Bravo, Boon, and The Bill. After finding himself playing a variety of "bad guy roles such as a soccer hooligan, drug addict, a nasty copper, a racist copper, or a bent copper", he became somewhat disenchanted with acting, perceiving that the emphasis was not on talent, but on looks.
Around 1987 he decided to pursue a career in comedy, in part because:
"[The] one great advantage of stand-up comedy [is that] nobody gives a stuff about what you look like - as long as you're funny, and if you can do it, and people laugh, then you'll get bookings."
At the time, breaking into stand-up was not as difficult as it would later become, nor was there the modern infrastructure and chain businesses. Billingham cites his own route as a simple progression from 5-minute, unpaid "try-out" spots to (if one was deemed worthy) 10-, 20- and 30-minute paid slots. As he stated, "within a year, you could be playing The Comedy Store". Indeed, Billingham has headlined at The Comedy Store on many occasions, where he also appears regularly as a Master of Ceremonies.
Despite feeling rather ambivalent towards "serious" roles, Billingham still found considerable success by merging his careers as actor and comic to work in comedy shows. He was the human face on the puppet-representation-of-celebrities series Spitting Image, and "the taller half" of top double act "The Tracy Brothers" with Mike Mole from Bread & Circuses days, appearing regularly on the radio version of The Mary Whitehouse Experience. In 1988, he was seen on the children's comedy series News at Twelve, in which the central character "broadcasts his own (imaginary) TV news bulletin every evening". In 1989, a new role in a children's series written by Blackadder's Tony Robinson, would have a lasting impact, both on the nations' children and on Billingham himself.
Maid Marian and her Merry Men saw Billingham cast as Gary, a dim-but-lovable guard in the employ of the Sheriff of Nottingham, charged with keeping the peace (or causing the violence) in the village of Worksop, and hunting down Maid Marian (Kate Lonergan) and her band of "freedom fighters". As part of a double-act with Graeme (David Lloyd), Billingham was ostensibly one of the "baddies", but was nonetheless deeply sympathetic and well-liked.
After three successful award-winning series, both Billingham and Lloyd were helping creator-writer Robinson with plot and script ideas, both gaining co-writer credits on the first episode of series 4 - "Tunnel Vision". The episode produced spoofs of a number of then-exceptionally-well-known cultural icons, including passing references to Chronic the Hedgehog and Dungeons & Dragons, as well as a Richard O'Brien stand-in named "Robin O'Hood" who in the episode leads Gary and Graeme through the Merry Men's version of The Crystal Maze.
Tony Robinson, David Lloyd and Mark Billingham (in particular) remain friends, after having worked so closely together for four-to-five years, and Robinson can be seen taking partial credit for Billingham's literary career on the DVD release of Maid Marian (Series 3), in which the three discuss writing, both for the series and in general.
As he has stated in a number of interviews, Billingham treats comedy - and his stand-up in particular - and writing as parts of a whole, seeing the two as complementary, using as they do:
"..the same 'Tricks'... [in particular] a strong opening. When you do stand-up, you walk out on stage and you have a minute - 60 seconds to hook them or they'll start booing. A late show at the Comedy Store is not easy, ditto with a book. As a writer you again have the duty to deliver - a reader has not got time to say, I'll give him 50 pages as it's not very good yet, but I hope it'll get better."
He also cites the big ending, and "pullback and reveal", whereby the audience (readership) is led along a specific path and lulled into thinking that they can guess the twist, before: "boom! it hits them from over there." In comedy, he says, it is a punchline; in crime "something a whole lot darker... [but] essentially it's a similar kind of [misdirection] technique."
It is no surprise then, that Billingham turned his hand to writing comedy scripts for television, as well as continuing to act and appear in front of the camera at various points. He joined with David Lloyd to write episodes and act in the children's TV series Harry's Mad (based on the book by Dick King-Smith), and wrote and presented two series of BBC's What's That Noise. Mark Billingham at HaHaHeeHee. Accessed 9 February 2008 Between 1997 and 1998, he (and friend Peter Cocks) wrote and co-starred in Granada TV's Knight School, for which the two also produced a novelisation.
He is however, clearly less enamoured by scriptwriting than by novel-writing, noting that:
"I can write a six part TV series and put my heart and soul into crafting it, and when it's done, it's jumped upon by a dozen people and torn to pieces and rewritten and messed about. Of those dozen people, perhaps two are qualified to do that."
In 2002, he was "in the middle of writing a screenplay for an Andrew Lloyd Webber musical and about to write a screenplay for a cult children's show," an original sci-fi drama for the BBC, but his prime consideration turned to writing novels.
In 2001, Billingham's first crime novel, Sleepyhead, was published in the UK by Little, Brown and Company. He is a self-confessed fan of crime fiction, "as well as a really serious collector" and has alleged that the expense of collecting books inspired him to get into interviewing and reviewing books, partly for the complimentary copies. Starting with a local newspaper, he progressed to providing reviews and interviews for SHOTS, and then to magazines, including Time Out, where he found himself interviewing people such as Michael Connelly, talking and learning from other writers.
Mark Billingham became the first crime writer to win the Theakston's Old Peculier Crime Novel of the Year Award twice when his novel Death Message won in 2009. He won this prestigious award against strong opposition including Reginald Hill, Val McDermid, Ian Rankin and Lee Child.
From an early age, Billingham can remember writing, often "funny" stories for purposes of popularity and enjoyment. As he grew older, and his interests moved towards crime fiction, he began to skew his writing that way, setting an early novel (the as-yet unpublished The Mechanic) in his native Birmingham. Inspired by the comic-crime work of Carl Hiaasen and other authors, he attempted to use his experience as a stand-up comedian and crime fan to write a similarly comic novel. Ultimately he abandoned his unfinished novel and the comic-crime genre to focus on his other idea—a book that would become Sleepyhead.
Billingham created Detective Inspector Tom Thorne for his 2001 debut novel Sleepyhead, where a case of "Locked-in Syndrome" reveals the dark depths of a twisted mind, as adept at toying with the DI as with the victims. This central character has since featured in the vast majority of his works, except In the Dark, released in August 2008, in which Thorne has only a very minor role. The author writes that, "if writers want their readers to care about a character, they have to care themselves" and, as such, has imbued Thorne with a lot of his personal characteristics. The two share a birthday, a locale (London) and musical interests (a "love of country music both alt and cheesy" - although Billingham implies that it is Thorne's fictional musical tastes that have grown on the author).
In talking about the creation and development of his central character, Billingham notes the difficulty and worry involved in trying to create a personality different from those in other existing, familiar and popular works:
"[You] worry that you will be entering that world of the strange cliche-ed cop, but you soon realise that you have to get comfortable in that world. You think 'Hang on, some of the clichés are part of that territory'. It would like writing a Western and going 'Oh no I've given him a horse! What a terrible cliché!' It's not a cliché - It's part and parcel of the genre - cowboys have six-guns, horses and stetsons and detectives have [a] past... problems [and] flaws, because if they don't, then there is nothing to read about."
Billingham's own website says that the underlying determination of Tom Thorne's character was that he would evolve as the series progressed, and remain unpredictable. While noting that many authors compile "thick dossiers" and "complex biographies" about their characters, noting every quirk and minor detail, Billingham shies away from such minutiae, calling it "limiting"—preferring instead to discover something anew about his own hero with each book, and to pass that novelty on to the reader:
"The day a character becomes predictable is the day a writer should think about moving on, because the reader certainly will."
Thorne's internal continuity is important to his author—it is important that the events in his past affect who is in the present, although this very aspect of his character causes Billingham great difficulty in describing him without giving away plot twists! Suffice to say that "[h]e works on the Metropolitan Police Murder Squad [and at] the time of the first book, he is forty-one years old. Thorne's surname comes from fellow Comedy Store stand-up Paul Thorne, and the (sur)names of other comics and comedians are liberally peppered throughout the series.
Sleepyhead was released in August 2001, and made it onto the Sunday Times "Top Ten Bestseller" list, becoming "the biggest selling debut novel of that Summer". In December 2009 it was listed as one of the 100 novels that shaped the decade.
Scaredy Cat inspiration
In 1997, Billingham was the victim of a bizarre and nasty crime, as he and his writing partner Peter Cocks were kidnapped and held hostage in a Manchester hotel room. Turning the event into inspiration for his second Thorne novel, Scaredy Cat, he wrote:
"The general theme of Scaredy Cat is really the power of fear, and that fear is a very powerful weapon, and if you are prepared to instill it, you have a very powerful weapon that is every bit as dangerous as a gun or a knife. Also what happened to me in that hotel room fed directly into a sub-plot in Scaredy Cat with some very nasty crimes carried out in hotel-rooms."
The two were kept bound and gagged in their hotel room by a trio of masked men who stole items and credit cards from them. Billingham recalls being terrified by the sheer audacity of the criminals, who managed to instill a feeling of menace and fear into their victims, a theme which was later fed into his novels–"that if one person is able to scare someone so much, they can make them do anything". The Scaredy Cat storyline thus presents the scenario of tandem serial killers, two individuals ostensibly working together, creating an added air of terror and expectation whenever one of them strikes.
On the heels of 2001's Sleepyhead and 2002's Scaredy Cat, Thorne returns in 2003's Lazybones, investigating the killing of a convicted rapist, and finding it difficult to become involved in the case, since he has little real sympathy for the victim. A messy contract killer and the past cases of a former colleague blur together in The Burning Girl as the past meets the present in a symphony of violence. Thorne's involvement in a previous case affects his ability to investigate an increasing death toll among the homeless of London in Lifeless, while a kidnapping case forms the backbone of 2006's Buried. Death Message, the Thorne novel published in August 2007 sees him haunted by a psychopath he has already put behind bars, but who is reaching out from prison to manipulate the world outside. After resting Thorne for the standalone thriller "In The Dark" (although he does appear in a very minor role), Billingham's central character returned with a vengeance in 2009 with "Bloodline" and is set to appear again in the 2010 novel "From The Dead".
The first chapter of each of Billingham's Tom Thorne books can be downloaded from his website.
The Thorne TV series started broadcast on Sky1 in October 2010, with acclaimed actor David Morrissey starring as Tom Thorne. The first six episodes are adaptations of "Sleepyhead" and "Scaredy Cat", directed by Stephen Hopkins ("24", "Californication", "The Life and Death of Peter Sellers").
Billingham has received nominations and awards related to all aspects of his various careers. What's That Noise, (which he wrote and presented) won the 1995 Royal Television Society award for "Best Entertainment Programme", while Knight School was nominated for the RTS's "Best Children's Drama" award two years running.
Sky 1 have adapted two of Mark Billingham's novels for a new crime drama series in October 2010. 'Sleepyhead' and 'Scaredy Cat' follow the investigations of DI Tom Thorne (played by David Morrissey) for the Metropolitan Police as he tracks a serial killer on the loose in London.
Scaredy Cat (2002) won the Sherlock Award for "Best Detective Novel Created by a UK Author", and was also nominated for the Crime Writers Association Gold Dagger for "Best Crime Novel of the Year".Lifeless (2005) was nominated for BCA "Crime Thriller of the Year" Award in 2006.
Mark Billingham’s novel "Lazybones" won the Theakston’s Old Peculiar Crime Novel of the Year Award 2004 and he won the same award in 2009 for his novel "Death Message". In The Dark was nominated for the Crime Writers Association Gold Dagger at the 2009 Crime Thriller Awards.
Knight School (with Peter Cocks) (Hodder & Stoughton 1998) ISBN 0340743387
As "Will Peterson" (with Peter Cocks)
Triskellion (Walker Books Ltd [Feb 2008]) ISBN 1406307092
Triskellion 2: The Burning (Walker Books Ltd [Feb 2009]) ISBN 9781406307108
Sleepyhead (Little, Brown & Company [Aug 2001]) ISBN 0316856975
William Morrow US [Jul 2002] ISBN 0-06-621299-5
Scaredy Cat (Little, Brown & Company [Jul 2002]) ISBN 0316859540
Time Warner UK [Nov 2002] ISBN 0-356-23206-9
William Morrow US [Jun 2003] ISBN 0-06-621300-2
Lazybones (Little, Brown & Company [Jul 2003]) ISBN 0316724939 ; ISBN 0-316-72494-7
William Morrow US (Jun 2004) ISBN 0-06-056085-1
The Burning Girl (Little, Brown & Company [Jul 2004]) ISBN 0316725749
William Morrow US (Jun 2005) ISBN 0-06-074526-6
Lifeless (Little, Brown & Company [May 2005]) ISBN 0316727520
Scorpion Press [Jun 2005] ISBN 1-873567-70-7
William Morrow US [Sep 2006] ISBN 0-06-084166-4
Buried (Little, Brown & Company [May 2006]) ISBN 0316730505
Orbit [May 2006] ISBN 0-356-24410-5
(HarperCollins (Aug 2007)) ISBN 0061255696
Death Message (Little, Brown & Company [Aug 2007]) ISBN 0316730521
Bloodline (Little, Brown & Company (Aug 2009) ISBN 9781408700679
From the Dead (Little, Brown & Company (Aug 2010)
In the Dark (Little, Brown & Company [Aug 2008]) ISBN 1408700697
"Dancing Towards The Blade" in Men From Boys by John Harvey (ed.) (Arrow Books [Sep 2004]) ISBN 0099461528
Other contributors include: Dennis Lehane ? Michael Connelly ? George Pelecanos ? Jeffrey Deaver ? Lawrence Block
"Stroke of Luck" in Like A Charm by Karin Slaughter (ed.) (Century [Feb 2004]) ISBN 1844133737
Other contributors include: Laura Lippman ? Lee Child ? John Connolly ? Lynda La Plante ? John Harvey ? Peter Robinson ? Fidelis Morgan ? Val McDermid ? Karin Slaughter? Emma Donoghue? Denise Mina ? Kelley Armstrong ? Jane Haddam
"Introduction" in The High Window by Raymond Chandler (Penguin)